Provisional Cabinet Of Brazil, 1932

Dear Delegates,

Bem vindos and welcome to the Provisional Cabinet of Brazil, 1932!

My name is Jenna Zhang and it is my pleasure to serve as your director for this exciting committee at the sixty-third session of Harvard National Model United Nations! Originally from Acton, Massachusetts, I’m a senior at Harvard College studying Molecular and Cellular Biology with a secondary field in Global Health and Health Policy and am hoping (very, very strongly hoping) to have been accepted into a medical school by the time I see you all in January. Having never done Model UN in high school, I became involved with staffing the conferences my sophomore year of college after missing the excitement of Public Forum Debate which I did all through high school. I quickly became hooked and am very excited to direct at HNMUN 2017! Outside of MUN, I do research at the School of Public Health on mechanisms of cell division in tuberculosis, tutor other Harvard students in biochemistry, and volunteer at local hospitals in the greater Boston area, both as a mentor to kids with sickle cell disease and as a buddy for elderly dementia patients. In my spare time, I love playing tennis, baking, jamming out to reggaetón music, and watching bad reality television (read: competitive cooking shows) with friends.

I am incredibly thrilled to be directing the Provisional Cabinet of Brazil 1932 at HNMUN 2017. This period is a fascinating transitional time for all of Latin America, and in no country is this change more starkly amplified than in Brazil. The process of governmental change is a fascinating and intricate topic, and through crisis and debate, you will have the opportunity to think deeply about the best possible solutions in order to plant the seeds for the rest of Brazil’s history into the modern day. Above all, I hope you emerge from this committee with an appreciation for this amazing and complex region of the world and a new perspective on the development, trajectory, and history of Brazil.

Please feel free to reach out to me with any concerns or questions you may have before conference, and I look forward to meeting you all in January!

Jenna Zhang
Director, Provisional Cabinet of Brazil, 1932
Harvard National Model United Nations 2017

Dear Delegates,

It is my utmost pleasure to welcome you to The Provisional Cabinet of Brazil, 1932 in the sixty- third session of Harvard National Model United Nations! My name is Monica Mishra, and I am delighted to be serving as your crisis director this weekend. This is my fourth time running a specialized agency and my fifth time running a Model UN committee. Brazil, 1932 will be the very last committee of my college career.

Brazil in 1932 is essentially a blank political slate. The country has literally fought for the creation of a new constitution to reign in Getulio Vargas’s increasing power, and it is the job of the provisional cabinet to lay the foundations for this document. Later, the National Constituent Assembly will turn the framework into a constitution but the main thinkers of the time come from the provisional cabinet. The structure of this committee is nontraditional in that delegates will be dealing with a different facet of the Brazilian state at a time, but the overall opportunity to build a more stable Brazil is unparalleled. In the actual timeline of events, Vargas dissolved the Constitution of 1934 due to his government’s failure to pacify opposing forces in the country. It is Jenna and my hope that this committee will think more deeply and pragmatically about Brazil’s political foundation to promote long­lasting stability for generations to come.

On a more personal level, I will be an exhilarated though slightly shocked senior at Harvard College around the time of HNMUN 2017, pursuing the seemingly unrelated concentration of Computer Science with a secondary in Romance Language and Literature with a focus in Spanish. I like to think that I’m also pursuing a joint concentration with CS and the Harvard International Relations Council (IRC), on account of the insane amount of time I spend travelling with Harvard’s competitive MUN team, working on HNMUN and HMUN committees, and various other IRC central related activities. Outside of MUN and Computer Science, I enjoy following obscure photography accounts on Instagram (I highly recommend following the US Dept. of Interior’s account, @usinterior), marathon watching Saturday Night Live and Seinfeld, and long-distance running. In addition to the IRC, at the College, I’m involved with the Harvard Bhangra Dance Company, Harvard Women in Computer Science, and Harvard Dharma. I am also a black belt in taekwondo, and I absolutely love T­Rex jokes and terrible puns of all kinds.

Please feel free to contact me early and often about any concerns or questions you may have. I would absolutely love it if each of you sent me an email introducing yourselves before HNMUN 2017. Looking forward getting to know and working with you all over the next months and then over conference!

Monica Mishra
Crisis Director, Provisional Cabinet of Brazil, 1932
Harvard National Model United Nations 2017

Committee Description:

As a new decade turns and 1929 gives way to the 1930s, Brazil is at a crossroads. The overproduction of coffee threatens the old powerful “coffee and milk politics” oligarchies of Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais, leading to tension over which candidate to support in the 1930 presidential election. The global economic crisis distracts other superpowers exploiting Brazilian raw exports, leading to the first hints of emergence from the neocolonial binds that held Brazil over the preceding decades. Ideological influences from abroad bring new ideas to Brazilian politics, shaking the very core of people’s beliefs about how government should run. These tensions all come to a head during the presidential election of 1930 when, supported by the Liberal Alliance, Getulio Vargas comes into office in a nation defined by stark dichotomies: fascism versus communism, agriculture versus industrialization, military versus civilian.

As 1930 turns into 1932, Vargas’ original government gives way, under pressure and uprisings, to an elected representative assembly placed with the undertaking of crafting a constitution to support the nation in the years to come. This assembly, the Provisional Cabinet of Getulio Vargas, spans the radically different views represented by a Brazil slowly emerging out of the neocolonialism that defined its previous history, but the task ahead is not without significant challenges. The same dichotomies that led to the Constitutional Revolution of 1932 are more pressing than ever as different groups compete to satisfy their interests within this new constitution. Members of this provisional cabinet will be tasked to answer difficult questions in order to establish the best framework of government moving forward. How can the rise in industrialization be reconciled with the heavy agriculture­focused coffee culture that preceded it, and will these industries be nationalized or under state control? What role will the military, which played a large role in Vargas’ rise to power, play in the government? What compromise, between the warring communist left and fascist right, can the cabinet find on issues of land, labor and economic reform?

At this critical moment, the future of Brazil is left in your hands. What is decided will impact the trajectory of the country for decades to come, and lay the groundwork for this nation’s path to prosperity.