Cabinet of Kwame Nkrumah, 1960

Dear Delegates,

Hello, and welcome to HNMUN 2018! My name is Ifedayo Famojuro, and I am wonderfully excited and honored to serve as the Director of the Cabinet of President Kwame Nkrumah. It is my hope that this cabinet will substantively grapple with the nuances surrounding international development, and I’m delighted to embark on this journey with members of the Cabinet!

As a first-generation Nigerian-American, issues surrounding development and effective representation are very personal to me, and the exploration of these issues has shaped my academic and political experience. It is in search of solutions to these issues that, back in high school (in my home state of New York), I found myself joining organizations focused on making the political system more accountable to those subject to it. And for the same reason, I currently find myself pursuing a Joint Concentration in Government and Computer Science—as I feel that technology is the key to making governments more transparent. It is this search for solutions that has fostered my interest in International Relations and allowed to me cherish MUN as both an institution and training ground for those who aim to solve societal problems that they are personally passionate about.

The topics that will be discussed in Nkrumah’s cabinet in the 1960’s (such as the state of post-colonialism and the cementing of sovereignty through the institutionalization of national identity) are a case study of development within the African Continent, and an opportunity to tell a story that is not often told in mainstream history. I’m excited to explore this story, and to have this experience shaped by the unique perspectives of the participants in Cabinet.

That being said, in order to ensure that committee proceedings are substantive, I want to stress that contributions or statements that serve to reduce the histories and cultures considered in committee to racist stereotypes or caricatures will not be tolerated. I trust delegates to take this history seriously and think deeply about the full weight of the actions and positions they endorse.

Please feel free to reach out to me if you have any questions or concerns! I look forward to meeting you all in February!

Warm Regards,
Ifedayo Famojuro
Director, Cabinet of Kwame Nkrumah, 1960
Harvard National Model United Nations 2018

Dear Delegates,

My name is Andrew Jiang, and I am honored to welcome you all to President Kwame Nkrumah’s Cabinet at Harvard National Model United Nations 2018! I am currently a junior concentrating in Statistics with a secondary in Economics, and am originally from New Jersey. I am one of the co-Head Delegates for Harvard’s traveling Model UN team, and this is my third year working with both HNMUN and our sister high school conference HMUN. This year, I hope to work closely with your director, Ife, to delve into the incredibly nuanced and complex topics of nation building in the time of 1960 Ghana. With this committee, I hope to share my passion for historical global issues, especially regarding Cold War African politics.

The topics for this committee are incredibly important regarding the development of Ghana and the development of Pan-Africanism and African independence as a whole – this, as representatives of the Nkrumah cabinet, you have the power and responsibility to change Ghanaian history at this point of time. With a mixture of conflicts regarding battles over fundamental ideology and ethnic conflict, this committee will hopefully challenge you to work through strikingly pertinent concepts and challenges in history. As your Crisis Director, I strive to present to you engaging and relevant crisis regarding the development of the newly-independent Ghana and look forward to reading through and working with all of your crisis notes and crisis arcs over the four days at conference. In regards to crisis, please note that blatantly racist or highly reductive notes and/or arcs will not be tolerated in this committee.

I am incredibly excited to meet all of you at HNMUN 2018 and to see the lively debate and crisis that you all commit to at conference. If you have any questions or concerns regarding crisis, please do not hesitate to contact me. Welcome to the Nkrumah’s cabinet in 1960, and good luck with building the successful Ghanaian state that our President so dearly envisions.

Warm regards,
Andrew Jiang
Crisis Director, Cabinet of Kwame Nkrumah, 1960
Harvard National Model United Nations 2018

As the final embers of the second World War began to fade, a wave of nationalism envelopes the African Continent, as their inclusion in the war by imperial powers has caused colonized peoples to amplify their calls for representation and self-determination. This sentiment physically is manifested within the British Colony of the Gold Coast, where ex-patriots have begun to march on the capital of Accra in order to petition to British Government to deliver on the promises of pensions and jobs made to veterans upon enlistment. The march is met mid-way by colonial police, who order the demonstrators to disperse, and shoot into the crowd injuring 60 and killing three. It’s these deaths that ignite the subsequent 5 days of rioting within Accra, and it’s within the heat of this riot that calls for representation, become calls for revolution. This heat is channeled perfectly by the firebrand Kwame Nkrumah, a prominent member of the United Gold Coast Convention political party. In the next year Nkrumah (who gains national fame due to actions during the riots) forms his own more radical Independence party (the Convention People’s Party), and in 1951 mass resistance incited by the CPP spurs a mass re-write of the Gold Coast constitution -- allowing for the institution of a representative Legislative Assembly. The CPP wins ⅔ of the available seats, and it is their governmental influence that steers the Gold Coast to independence. In 1957 the Gold Coast becomes an Independent member of the British Commonwealth. It is the new prime Minister, Nkrumah, who gives the country its name, Ghana. Finally in 1960, Ghana, votes by referenda to leave the commonwealth and becomes a republic, instating Nkrumah as its new president. As the first Sub-Saharan Nation to gain its Independence, Ghana has no established model or exemplar to follow on the road to development. As such, every action represents the breaking of new ground.

The Nkrumah administration rises to the occasion, setting clear goals in order to keep the country on track. It’s in the execution of these goals that we see the development of the nuances that surround the development of Ghana. In order to rectify the weaknesses presented by the decentralized tribal state Nkrumah begins the state sponsored persecution of tribal, religious and ethnic identities. As a Pan-Africanist, Nkrumah must balance the development of Ghana with the sponsoring of independence movements in neighboring colonies. Furthermore, despite this African-focus the Nkrumah government cannot ignore the growing Cold War tensions, and Ghana itself must pick a side on the world stage. The Nkrumah government, is thus plagued with contradictions: authoritarianism in the wake of independence, a cementing of national identity through the erasure of cultural history, and an inward focus yet consciousness of the world at large. Members of the cabinet will be tasked with navigating these dualities, and steering the fledgling country through this trying time -- deciding how the Ghanaian government chooses to relate with Tribal Organizations, the Rest of Africa, and the World at large. Furthermore, the decisions the cabinet makes have far reaching implications, as they establish a model to be followed by the rest of Africa, as other colonies in the region begin to claim their soverign rights.