Historical Security Council, 1946

Dear Delegates,

It is my pleasure to welcome you into the 1st Session of the UN Security Council at the 63rd session of Harvard National Model United Nations. My name is Benjamin Betik, and I will be your Director for what is sure to be a dynamic, exciting committee.

A bit about me: I am a senior at Harvard College pursuing a degree in Economics with a secondary field in government and a language citation in Chinese. I have substantial experience with the Security Council, having directed contemporary UNSC committees at HNMUN last year and at the 2016 Global Classrooms International middle school conference (GCIMUN). I will also be crisis directing for HNMUN’s high school sister conference in January, marking the second year that I will have served as Crisis Director at HMUN. Beyond my staffing experience, I have also competed in several crisis committees as a delegate for the Harvard traveling team, winning awards in three of my four committees. When I’m not too busy with schoolwork and Model UN, I spend my time organizing debates for the Harvard Political Union, teaching Chinese immigrants about the US naturalization test, and watching lots and lots of Netflix. I am also a black belt in Taekwondo, and I firmly believe that there is nothing better than a well-made burrito.

I am thrilled for the opportunity to direct the topics on this year’s agenda. The Greek Civil War and the Iran Crisis of 1946 effectively set the stage for the Cold War, and the complex and delicate nature of these conflicts, and the greater geopolitical context surrounding them, provide an excellent opportunity for unique solutions in committee and in crisis. While they are similarly complicated by the actions of major powers and the growing ideological divide that defined the years immediately after WWII, these issues require very different approaches for resolution, and I am excited to see how you, the founding members of the Security Council, will address these challenges.

I am also excited to work with David, who is a fantastic crisis director and a fellow Cold War History enthusiast. We are both committed to making this committee one of the best at HNMUN 2017. Please feel free to reach out to David or me with any questions, and I look forward to seeing you in February!

Best,
Benjamin Betik
Director, Historical Security Council, 1946
Harvard National Model United Nations 2017
hsc@hnmun.org


Dear Delegates,

Welcome to Harvard National Model United Nations and the Historical Security Council, 1946! My name is David Leeds, and I am extremely excited to meet all of you in February. I am a senior at Harvard College, where I concentrate in History and Literature on the American Studies track with a secondary in French. I am originally from New York City, where I attended high school at Trinity School in Manhattan’s Upper West Side. I am passionate about all kinds of history and am particularly interested in public policy.

I have competed as a Model UN delegate since I was in the ninth grade and haven’t stopped since. I currently compete on Harvard’s travelling team and am also a staff member for HMUN, our conference for high school students that is also hosted in Boston. When I’m not busy with Model UN, I participate in a number of programs at Harvard’s Institute of Politics and am a board member on the Harvard Francophone Society. I’m also a huge cinephile. My favorite movie is Spike Lee’s “Do the Right Thing.”

This committee promises exhilarating debate, tumultuous politics and thrilling crisis. I am crisis directing the Historical Security Council because of the fascinating questions that were raised at this moment in international history. Being the first-ever meeting of the UN’s foremost body, it will be up to us to establish important precedents for how this supra-governmental organization will operate differently from predecessors like the League of Nations. History’s deadliest conflict has just concluded, and all-new threats to world peace and international security are coming into focus, and the events of this committee will encourage us to think critically about issues of sovereignty and regional solidarity. I will do everything I can to make sure you have the most exciting, action­packed Model UN experience ever. As you prepare for February’s conference, please don’t hesitate to reach out to myself and Ben with any questions or concerns.

Best Regards,
David Leeds
Crisis Director, Historical Security Council, 1946
Harvard National Model United Nations 2017


Topic A: Greek Civil War

With the end of World War II, the ideological divide that developed in Greece under the Axis occupation threatens to plunge the newly-liberated nation back into violence. The monarchist government, with the support of the British military, has begun a “White Terror” against the leftist opposition, arresting dissidents and anyone associated with the communist-dominated EAM, in clear violation of the terms of the Treaty of Varkiza signed the year before. In response, what remains of the opposition has already declared that it will boycott the March elections and reports suggest that the ELAS, the military arm of the EAM, is arming itself for a potential war, with the support of the other leftist nations in the Balkans. As both sides prepare to renew the conflict, it falls to the great powers of the world to achieve security for the region through the new Security Council.

Topic B: Iran Crisis

During WWII, the Allies occupied Iran in a bid to protect supply routes between the Indian Ocean and the USSR. After the defeat of the Axis powers, Iran was no longer under threat of invasion, and, consequently, the British and American portions of the Allied occupying forces withdrew from the country in later 1945. In defiance of the timetable agreed by all parties at the Potsdam Conference before the end of the war, Soviet troops and secret police remain in Iran and have in fact expanded their presence throughout the country. In the north of the country, Azeri and Kurdish separatists have proclaimed new respective republics with the full support of the USSR, which has prevented the Iranian military from engaging the separatists. With their hands tied, the Iranians have turned to the Security Council to decide the fate of their country and to prevent a possibly disastrous conflict.