Cavour IV Cabinet, 1861

On March 17th, 1861, the Kingdom of Italy was officially proclaimed; for 1300 years the Italian peninsula had stood shattered, separated into many different kingdoms and states. The process of unification, in Italian “Il Risorigmento,” or “The Resurgence,” took decades to complete after the tireless efforts of Italian nationalists. Over the course of many wars, conflicts, annexations, and many more, Italy finally came to be unified under the control of King Vittorio Emanuele II. Vittorio handed the challenge of forming the new country to one of the heroes of reunification, Camillo Benso di Cavour, as its first prime minister.

The Cavour IV Cabinet was met with a huge number of logistical, political, and social problems. Rome and Venice were not even under the control of the new Kingdom of Italy; there was no national language or even military; rebels in the south threatened secession from the new government, and war threatens from Austria, the Papal States, and France. How will the Cabinet tackle these problems without allowing the entirety of Italy to fall apart? How will they shape the culture and identity of a whole nation after centuries of fracture? Will “Il Risorgimento” die before it has a chance to even begin? This Cabinet will tackle these and other questions as they navigate the complicated intricacies of Italy in the spring of 1861.


Director's Letter


Dear Delegates,

Hello! My name is Katherine Lempres, and I am excited to welcome you to HNMUN 2019. I have the pleasure of serving as your director of the Cavour IV Cabinet, 1861. The Cabinet will have the unique task of setting up a new country and indeed a new national identity for all Italians. This committee will combine the very best of domestic and foreign affairs, and I’m so excited to share this experience with you all.

I am a sophomore at Harvard College originally from Wellesley, Massachusetts, although I currently live 15 minutes away from Harvard in Boston. I enjoy the occasional privileges of staying close to home for college like eating meals with my parents and returning home for family birthdays. Although I went to high school only a few blocks away from Fenway Park, I spent my junior year studying in Viterbo, Italy. That year abroad changed my life and inspired this committee. I love Italy, its people, and its culture, so I’m looking forward to seeing where this committee takes us.

Besides Italy, one of my greatest loves is international relations. After doing MUN in high school, I knew I had to continue at Harvard. MUN now consumes my life as an active member of our competitive travel team and as a staffer at both HNMUN and HMUN last year.

Outside of MUN, I am a DJ at Harvard’s radio station, WHRB. Although I am technically a late night punk rock DJ, that makes me sound much cooler than I actually am. I am very involved with the Rock Department at WHRB and am always on the hunt for a good concert.  I am planning on studying History & Literature (one concentration, or major, at Harvard) and Classics. I’m a true humanities person at heart and am really into Latin and Italian, so brownie points if you manage to work either into your directives. (Just kidding. Maybe.)

The Cavour IV Cabinet 1861 is an important committee at HNMUN because it is one of the most, if not the most, defining moments in Italian history. The Cavour IV Cabinet is an emblem of Italian identity and culture, and as such we must treat it with the respect and attention it deserves. As a committee we will have to contend with building a new nation, both literally and metaphorically. The decisions the original Cabinet made continues to have direct impact on the lives of Italians today. I hope you all come to committee as excited as I am about exploring history in as grounded a way as possible.

If I have yet to convince you of the importance of this committee, I remember having a conversation with my host dad in Italy late one night about reunification. The emotion with which he talked about “Il Risorgimento” truly moved me. I hope we can live up to his grand understandings of what the Cavour IV Cabinet can mean.

I’m looking forward to meeting you all! Always feel free to contact me if I can be helpful in any way at all. Ci vediamo presto!


Katherine Lempres



Crisis Director's Letter

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Hello Delegates,

Welcome to HNMUN 2019! My name is Eliza Ennis, and I will be your crisis director for Cavour IV Cabinet, 1861. This will be my fourth (and final) HNMUN, and I look forward to experiencing the trials of late-nineteenth century Italy with all of you, as well as with our incredible director, Katherine Lempres. Together we’ll delve into issues of national unity, international distress, and local governance. As a crisis director, my philosophy is to balance creativity and realism and delegate-driven arcs with historical events. 

Unfortunately I do not hail from the time period or region of the world of this committee. I was, in fact, born at the end of the twentieth century in New Mexico, and I am a rising senior at Harvard. I study Social Studies with a focus field of the Cultural Politics of the Modern Middle East, though I am also passionate about public health and biology. Outside of academics, I spend dedicate of my time to international relations work: I am the president of the Harvard International Relations Council and Secretary-General for Harvard Model United Nations India, a sister conference of HNMUN that is held for high school students each August in Hyderabad, India. I also direct at WorldMUN and am an active member of Harvard’s competitive travel team, ICMUN. When I am not working on a conference, I like to play soccer, kayak, climb, travel, and go swing dancing.

Model United Nations is, at its heart, about the learning experience. From reading the background guide to learning how to think on your toes, we aim to push you to do your best, but also to help you along that way. Thus, if you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to reach out to any of the committee staff. Leadership in Action, the conference theme this year is something that we hope you will embody inside and out of committee. By collaborating with your peers from across the globe, it is my sincere hope that you all leave conference better prepared to make a positive difference in the world. Finally, do remember that part of this educational experience is meeting other delegates (and hopefully future friends) from around the world. Cherish this opportunity! I look forward to meeting you all in February.  

Eliza Ennis
Crisis Director, Cavour IV Cabinet, 1861
Harvard National Model United Nations